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Why and How cryptocurrencies operate in a decentralized manner?

For any product/service to function appropriately, the blueprint should be effective and productive. It requires every building block to in it and its immediate environment to function in a particular fashion to showcase the desired outcome. In the blockchain ecosystem, a similar scenario occurs every time a transaction takes place between similar or distinct cryptocurrencies. As it’s a well-known fact that the blockchain framework operates in a decentralized manner, every activity occurring in it supports an algorithm written with non-authoritativeness. In this piece, the coordination and growth areas of the technology will be discussed. Besides that, how a token economy with decentralization at its core can benefit the world will also be examined. How hash-chain networks (hashing technique), and decentralized register-based cryptographic processes provide a value-add-on will be discussed as well. Lastly, what type of future frameworks in a decentralized security system may be built, or what type will be appropriate will also be a part of the whole piece.

An Algorithm based Decentralized Computer Networks:

Initially, a computer network was said to be an area where a couple of devices were connected for transmitting information from one device to another (when the Internet came into existence for people to use). But such type of scenario has changed especially when a decentralized network is taken into consideration. The overall complexity regarding the security has upgraded, while the transfer speed and the distance it could cover have increased. As the grid has become decentralized, every node in the network plays a crucial role. In a decentralized computer network, the algorithms developed focus intensely on credibility. The credibility when the information is transferred from one block to another,

  1. Competence,
  2. Honesty,
  3. Reliability,
  4. Accuracy,
  5. Fairness,
  6. Expertise,
  7. Objectivity etc

have a big role in accepting the puzzle to be solved or to pass it to another node in the network. Depending on the particular network’s way of connection, the degree of secrecy required while transferring information, etc, the vital factors may differ. When specifically speaking about cryptocurrency networks, the users would focus to a great extent regarding credibility as their personal financial information would be moved across the grid without the guarantee from an authoritative body.

One such algorithm developed specifically for decentralized computer networks is the Elaboration Likelihood Model (ELM). As the blockchain and cryptocurrencies are a recent addition to technical architectures, this could be seen as a prototype for future research as well. This model takes the hypothesis that a user’s attitude changes based on the central/peripheral way of examining the overall process. Based on prior research, where this model was utilized, users when had sufficient cognitive resources, preferred the central route. But when they weren’t sure about how to process the information, the peripheral route got opted. For the time being, it’s preferred to focus on enhancing cognitive abilities for the central route, while prioritizing psychological perspective for the peripheral route. After reviewing one of the potential future protocols, let’s come to the scenario of coordination and growth possibilities/challenges within cryptocurrencies.

Coordination and growth within Cryptocurrencies:

For a company/product/service to function at its best, an appropriate synchronization needs to happen for getting the desired outcome. Similarly, for cryptocurrencies with distinct USP’s (Unique Selling Proposition) to be able to interact and operate smoothly, a prerequisite is required for such an idea to transform into a reality. To make it understandable to even a layperson, just like people can interchange their currency when traveling from one nation to another (assuming from Indian Rupees to USA’s Dollar), in a similar fashion distinct cryptocurrencies can now receive and send money digitally. Perceiving the relation of coordination and growth w.r.t organization and technology, it was assumed until recently that technology transformed based on the alterations done in the firm’s structure. But with recent technological architectures entering the market, it would suffice to indicate that from now onwards, technology will make the organization’s functioning change based on the technology being employed. For example, to be able to use an iOS run device, that specific operating system is a prerequisite. Besides that, the device may not operate or function with a lot of hassle. Similarly, for companies who’re updating themselves to the decentralized framework, the overall blueprint of the firm needs to get modified, including human (employee/employer) re-learning as well. It’s only after that, the coordination and growth will happen exponentially and holistically.

Speaking from a technical point of view, both of these characteristics can get implemented in a decentralized structure because of consensus models. These models have entered the blockchain’s ecosystem via numerous techniques. Some of these were hit-and-trial, while many others were specifically focused on resolving the issue at hand at that moment. Some common consensus models include:

  1. Proof of Work,
  2. Proof of Stake,
  3. Proof of weight,
  4. Proof of burn,
  5. Proof of activity,
  6. Proof of capacity,
  7. Byzantine Fault Tolerance,
  8. Practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance,

and many more to get developed based on the issue at hand, its complexity, its usage (short-term or long-term), etc. If one looks at each model with subtlety, everywhere trust, accountability, transparency, productivity, precision, and effectiveness are seen as the focal area. Based on the research done by them, it takes designing, building, and implementing on every level of a firm to attain appropriate and sustainable coordination and growth in the cryptocurrency ecosystem. Now let us examine whether an economy runs on decentralization at its core be possible practically.

A token economy with decentralization at its core:

For a nation to function overall at its best, it requires constant liquidity (money inflow and outflow) within the country and outside as well as other variables. A nation’s economy being administered completely digitally and in a decentralized fashion may seem fiction-like (like showcased in movies), but it might become a reality in the coming times. Just like oil was the one factor which made nations across the world do transactions in the 18th and 19th century, data is considered to be among major factors for nations in the present time and coming years. So, from that perspective, such a scenario seems pretty practical and feasible. But after combining socio-cultural, political, and multi-facets of every nation, a token run economy might take some time whether in developed countries or developing countries. Hurdles in developed nations may be less compared to developing nations, but they might still experience some friction every-now-and-then. One of the major reasons for the requirement of such a transformation has been the decline in trust with the traditional way of handling financial transactions. The overall speed of traditional financial institutions, the complexity even in small activities, somewhat opaqueness in-between the customer and the financial service provider, etc were becoming major reasons for the slow and gradual decline in trust. But with gradual utilization of cryptocurrencies in their platform (initially), and now being able to transfer crypto-money via different cryptocurrencies, the trust in people for using digital architectures has been welcoming (positive). As the decentralization framework is new since its entry into the cryptocurrency ecosystem, there have been some progress and some challenges as well. The legality, tangibility, and supply aspect has been a little bit challenging and still in progress. While a big headway has been seen in the exchange and decentralized functioning in the token-based economy model. One angle of the model’s success has been the constant innovation is happening around it. Starting with focusing majorly on financial services, now the decentralized framework is being implemented in almost every industry. Doing so enables a proper infrastructure for a token-based economy to run in the long-run smoothly. It’s crucial to examine various techniques as well for such a model to operate sustainably. That’s what we will be doing now.

Hashchain networks and Decentralized Register based Cryptographic Techniques:

One of the few crucial reasons for the constant increase in reliability and trust in a decentralized framework is the unique cryptographic techniques being implemented for security and transparency purposes. Hashing in layman’s words could be said as a process of making the data safer as well as complex (for the hacker) to decrypt it if one doesn’t have the required key when transferred from one node to another. Technically speaking, the process takes an input of any length and converts it into a fixed length. A couple of reasons as to why hashing is given more priority:

  1. Being a decentralized network, each user has a copy, and hash functions are one-way functions, meaning it’s too complicated to obtain the original data.
  2. Absence of intermediaries.
  3. The entire grid is transparent and protected from falsification.
  4. The transaction expense is reduced immensely.

One illustration among many is showcased in the infographic below.

Digital-Recognition-Algorithm image

The user initially requests the institution to grant the service/s where his/her identification is absent. Then, the request is processed and identification is established. Afterward, the institution notifies the user that the service/s could be availed. The user then confirms from his/her side about getting the update. The data of the user is then shared from the institution where the identification was created and updated to the institution’s branch nearby his/her locality. This is one type of technique where a decentralized register-based cryptographic process takes place. There are many kinds of research going on with different types of algorithms being employed for resolving different issues. So far, we have seen how the cryptocurrency and decentralized frameworks have been modified to date. Now let’s scrutinize how technology may transform and be potentially utilized in the future.

Future forecasting regarding Frameworks of a Decentralized Security System:

Since 2008, when the whitepaper of Bitcoin was published, the blockchain and cryptocurrency architecture have altered constantly. The changes have been so frequent that they started with focusing just on the financial services, but later got integrated with the medical industry, logistics industry, supply chain, and healthcare to name a few. The framework is so adaptable, robust, transparent, and finance-friendly that firms irrespective of size or nature are employing it in varying degrees. With globalization and localization getting overmixed, it’s assumed that smart cities would be among many technology updates which we humans will experience in a couple of years. The most likely next industry to benefit from the technology would be the energy industry, gaming, cybersecurity, and manufacturing as well. With a new foundational architecture Decentralized Framework, fresh terminologies will get created as well. Some of them could be

  • Home area network (HAN),
  • Building area network (BAN),
  • Neighboring area network (NAN),
  • Remote terminal units (RTU),
  • Key distribution centers (KDC), etc.

The infographic below indicates one of the many prospects of the future.

Aggregation & Access Control Frame work

As one may guess be seeing it that almost every part of daily life activities is connected via some form of the internet (HAN, BAN, etc). we have already started utilizing the technology in the automobile industry (driverless driving). Electric vehicles would likely be the normal norm of the day in the future. RTU’s also called remote terminal units are required for calculating electricity distribution purposes, calculating costs, monitoring uncertain behavior, etc. The data sharing around homes, buildings, neighboring areas happens through homomorphic encryption (encrypting in the form of ciphertexts).

The energy generation takes place in the power plant, and circulation happens via distribution station/s. After receiving it from the distribution station, RTU and BAN then route it through appropriate paths to each user. One way of looking at it is, HAN, BAN, RTU are subsets of distribution stations. While the distribution station is a subset of the power plant. It’s one prototype being tested and deployed in a small cluster. There’s a big probability that similar or even advanced prototypes may get developed which may resolve cumulative issues more efficiently. Only time will tell what’s in store in the future and how long will we have to wait to experience such advancements in the overall living standards.

Concluding Remarks:

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Last modified on August 19th, 2023 at 12:28 pm